Events

  • Zoom Colloquium: The visual white matter: Its structural organization and relation to perception, development, and disease

    Zoom Colloquium: The visual white matter: Its structural organization and relation to perception, development, and disease

    Event Date:

    Abstract - Humans rely extensively on their visual system for tasks such as navigation, communication, and social interaction. Loss or damage to vision can have a profound effect on the quality of life. Wheres half of the total brain volume is composed of axons wrapped in myelin sheaths, the majority of visual neuroscience research has focused on neurons, brain areas, and synapses. I will discuss research that advances our understanding of how the visual white matter – the network of connections wrapped in myelin between visual areas– is organized, how it relates to attention, human development, and how it is affected by eye disease. The research presented in this talk was developed using the BRAIN initiative-funded open-access, free cloud computing platform brainlife.io. The platform is meant to lower the barriers of entry to complex, advanced computational methods from data validation, analysis, and visualization to understand vision, brain structure, and function using neuroimaging data. https://liberalarts.utexas.edu/psychology/faculty/fp4834

    Improving Zoom accessibility for people with hearing impairments People with hearing impairments often use lipreading and speechreading to improve speech comprehension. This approach is helpful but only works if the speaker’s face and mouth are clearly visible. For the benefit of people with hearing impairments on Zoom calls, please enable your device’s camera whenever you are speaking on Zoom, and face the camera while you speak. (Feel free to disable your camera when you aren’t speaking.)

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  • Zoom Colloquium: Deficits beyond visual acuity in amblyopia

    Zoom Colloquium: Deficits beyond visual acuity in amblyopia

    Event Date:

    Abstract - There is growing evidence that the clinical emphasis on visual acuity in both the diagnosis and the treatment of amblyopia is not sufficient. My research has focused on deficits in motion perception that are present in fellow eyes that have normal visual acuity and also in amblyopic eyes that show improved visual acuity following treatment. Deficits in motion perception occur in several developmental disorders, and they are commonly attributed to vulnerability in the dorsal visual stream. Amblyopia, however, is not a clear example of dorsal stream vulnerability because the motion deficits are most evident at slow speeds that activate regions of both ventral and dorsal visual cortex, and the well-documented spatial vision deficits involve the ventral stream. In addition to uncertain neural correlates, the real-world functional impact of deficits on computer-generated psychophysical measures of 2-dimensional motion sensitivity is not known. To address these issues, my research on amblyopia has expanded to include assessments of reading and visuomotor skills, which have more obvious functional impact and have been attributed to the functioning of the dorsal visual stream. In this talk, I will present recent data showing binocular deficits on specific components of reading ability and visually-guided reaching in children with amblyopia. Interestingly, performance on these tasks shows significant associations with stereopsis and/or motion perception. http://www.giaschilab.ca

    Improving Zoom accessibility for people with hearing impairments People with hearing impairments often use lipreading and speechreading to improve speech comprehension. This approach is helpful but only works if the speaker’s face and mouth are clearly visible. For the benefit of people with hearing impairments on Zoom calls, please enable your device’s camera whenever you are speaking on Zoom, and face the camera while you speak. (Feel free to disable your camera when you aren’t speaking.)

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