Multicenter trial of early treatment for retinopathy of prematurity: study design.

Journal Article


The Early Treatment for Retinopathy of Prematurity (ETROP) study was a randomized, prospective multicenter trial comparing the safety and efficacy of earlier vs. conventionally timed ablation of the peripheral retina for the management of moderate to severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Approximately 7000 infants with birth weights 1251 g were screened at 26 centers over a 2-year period to achieve the sample size of 401 consented infants for the randomized trial. In order to minimize treatment of eyes with ROP that were likely to undergo spontaneous regression of the disease, a risk analysis model, RM-ROP2, was used to select for inclusion in the randomized trial only prethreshold eyes that had a high risk of an adverse outcome. The primary outcome measure was grating visual acuity measured by Teller acuity card testing conducted by masked testers in eyes randomized to earlier treatment vs. eyes randomized to conventional management when infants were 9 months post-term. Results were categorized into favorable (>or=1.85 cycles/degree) vs. unfavorable (1.85 cycles/degree). The secondary outcome measure was retinal structure, assessed by ophthalmological examinations conducted at 6 and 9 months post-term. Here we describe a unique approach used in the ETROP study to select high-risk prethreshold ROP eyes for randomization and details about design of the study. Study results indicated that earlier intervention in selected high-risk prethreshold eyes results in improved vision in premature infants with ROP.


Controlled Clinical Trials





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